FAQ – Kitchen

Kitchen Sink

How To Maintain Kitchen Sink?

Maintaining your kitchen sink is easy.  This first thing to keep in mind is sanitation. Wash you sink daily.  Don’t use he kitchen sink as a garbage disposal.  Purchase a strainer for the drain.  You can pour baking soda and warm water don the drain in the evening to kill bacteria.

How To Remove Kitchen Faucet ?

Start by removing the old faucet. Now attach the flexible hoses that bring water from the valve to the faucet.  Now position the new sprayer hose, if the faucet has this feature.  Attach the flexible connection hoses for the hot and cold water to the new faucet unit. Feed the connectors and supply lines through the center hole ensuring that the faucet gasket is aligned correctly. Once the connections are through, tighten them from underneath so as not to damage the piping. Turn on the water supply lines and test your installation.

How To Remove Kitchen Sink Drain ?

First, take the drain apart. This should be done to check on the components. Remove the strainer with pliers.  The strainer is part of the sink basket. Take out the drain basket. Install the new unit and test your work.

How To Remove Kitchen Sink Basket Strainer ?

Disassemble the basket from underneath the sink. Then remove the strainer with pliers. The strainer is part of the sink basket. Take out the drain basket and apply sealants underneath it. Use a caulk gun to apply sealants to the top of the water basin. Smooth the sealants with your finger or a wet rag. Tighten all the fittings and leave it to dry. After the sealants have dried, test the drain to ensure it doesn’t leak.

How To Fix Frozen Pipe ?

At times plumbing will freeze in the cold weather. Outline runs and basement piping are particularly susceptible. When pipes freeze, they need to be replaced. Contact a plumber for inspection.

How To Repair Leaky Faucet ?

At times the seals in an old faucet need replacing because they leak. After you have removed the old faucet and replaced the seals, you can reinstall the unit. First position the new sprayer hose, if the faucet has this feature.  Attach the flexible connection hoses for the hot and cold water to the new faucet unit. Feed the connectors and supply lines through the center hole ensuring that the faucet gasket is aligned correctly. Once the connections are through tighten them from underneath so as not to damage the piping. Turn on the water supply lines and test your installation.

How To Repair Leaky Sink Drain ?

The first step is to inspect the plumbing carefully to determine where the leak is coming from.  You’ll need a bucket and some wrenches.  Look at the seals and the pipe fittings. Next, take the drain apart. This should be done to check on the components. Remove the strainer with pliers.  The strainer is part of the sink basket. Take out the drain basket and apply sealants underneath it. Use a caulk gun to apply sealants to the top of the water basin. Smooth the sealants with your finger or a wet rag. Tighten all the fittings and leave it to dry.  After the sealants have dried, test the drain to ensure it doesn’t leak.

How To Install Kitchen Faucets

Start by installing the shut-off valves.  There will be hot and cold water lines run into the cabinet under the sink.  Remove the cabinet doors for easier access. Attach a shut-off valve to each pipe.

Now attach the flexible hoses that bring water from the valve to the faucet.  Now position the new sprayer hoseif the faucet has this feature.  Attach the flexible connection hoses for the hot and cold water to the new faucet unit.Feed the connectors and supply lines through the center hole ensuring that the faucet gasket is aligned correctly. Once the connections are through, tighten them from underneath so as not to damage the piping. Turn on the water supply lines and test your installation.

How To Install Kitchen Drain?

You’ll need a some wrenches and joint sealant for this job.  Use the sealant for the seals and the pipe fittings. Prepare the drain basket and apply sealants underneath it. Use a caulk gun to apply sealants to the top of the water basin. Smooth the sealants with your finger or a wet rag. Tighten all the fittings and leave it to dry.  After the sealants have dried, test the drain to ensure it doesn’t leak.

How to Install Kitchen Sink

Installing a new kitchen sink is not as hard as one might think. After purchasing the unit, the first step is cutting the opening in your countertop to house the kitchen sink.  Some models come with a template you can use. This is very helpful. Once you’ve measured out the correct size, mark it on the countertop so you can see it clearly. Now cut the opening and install the sink. You will want to put a layer of putty down for the sink to rest on.

 

Garbage Disposal

How to Clean A Rusty Garbage Disposal

Clean Rusty Garbage Disposal:

  1. Create a rust-removal mixture by combining a cup of lemon juice with 3 tablespoons of salt. Stir continuously until well mixed.
  2. With the unit turned off, pour the mixture down the drain and let it sit for at least 24 hours. Make sure that the garbage disposal will not be used at any point during this time.
  3. Rinse the unit by running cold water down the drain while throwing in a couple of pieces of ice cubes in it.
  4. Turn on the unit and grind away at the ice cubes. This will clean the unit and sharpen the blades at the same time. The rust will also be scrapped away and carried down the drain.
  5. If the unit does not operate properly after this, call a licensed plumbing professional immediately.

How to Remove Garbage Disposal Smell

Getting Rid Garbage Disposal Odors:

  1. Cut citrusy fruits like lemons, oranges, or lime into smaller sections that can fit into the disposal. Toss it in while grinding. The citrusy scent will remove the stench by neutralizing rancid odor.
  2. The ice cubes can clean the insides of the garbage disposal with an added bonus of sharpening the blades for better grinding.
  3. With the unit running, pour a cup of baking soda down the drain followed by a cup of distilled white vinegar. Allow the mixture to sit for a couple of minutes before flushing it down with cold water. This helps eliminate strong odors.
  4. Use mild bleach while running the unit with cold water to kill foul odor that may be coming from your pipes. This also helps in removing any trapped particles that may decay and contribute to the bad smell.
  5. Do not neglect the lid of the unit. Clean it regularly with soap and water while brushing away food particles that may have stuck to it. This can also be a source of foul odor.
  6. Brush away remaining food particles inside the unit to make sure that it is completely clean and odor-free. Do this only when the power to the unit is completely disconnected and turned off.
  7. Commercially available cleaners can also be used. However, stay only with products that have been approved by the manufacturer of your garbage disposal.

How to Maintain Garbage Disposal

Garbage Disposal Maintenance & Treatment Steps:

  1. When operating the unit, make sure that you use plenty of water as the food waste is being grinded. Once the grinding sound has turned into a soft whir, turn off the unit but let the water run for another 20 seconds to carry all particles away from the unit and down to the drain pipes.
  2. It is better to use cold water when operating the unit because hot water can liquefy fats and grease, allowing it to cling to the sides and blades of the unit. Eventually this will build up and result in clogging that can damage the garbage disposal.
  3. Keep hard and fibrous food materials out of the unit because these are difficult to grind to bits and pieces. This means that either the blades will jam or can become dull. Fibrous food materials also have a tendency to get caught up in the blades preventing it from operating properly.
  4. When sludge builds up inside the unit, it can prevent proper operation. Therefore, it would be best to make sure that periodic cleaning is done to prevent any damage to the unit and its parts. The baking soda and vinegar mixture has been widely recommended for cleaning, while the use of rock salts and ice cubes help to keep the blades sharp.
  5. Never put your hands into the disposal to avoid injuries or anything worse. When removing wedged food materials, use a tong or a small wooden stick.
  6. After using quick fixes and temporary solutions, make sure to call a licensed professional plumber to have the garbage disposal properly checked.

How to Replace Garbage Disposal Blades

Replace Garbage Disposal Blades:

  1. Make sure that the power to the unit is completely turned off and disconnected.
  2. Position a bucket underneath the P-trap to catch any remaining water in the system as the drain pipe is unscrewed from the unit.
  3. Screw off the unit from the sink drain with the use of a pipe wrench.
  4. Remove the blades by using either a wrench or a socket set. Place a cloth or towel on the disposal head so you can firmly hold on to the unit as you loosen the bolts.
  5. Take note of the position of the old blade and put in the replacement blades in the same manner before screwing in the bolts.
  6. Wrap the threads of the drain screws and those of the drain pipe before screwing the unit back into the sink.
  7. Connect the drain pipe to the disposal and tighten the connection with the help of a pipe wrench.
  8. Run the water to check for leaks before powering up the unit and testing it.

How to Replace Garbage Disposal Splash Guard

Follow these steps:

  1. Turn off and disconnect all power to the garbage disposal.
  2. Stack books or lumber underneath the unit to support its weight.
  3. Disconnect the unit by jamming a screwdriver into the locking ring and rotating it. Support the unit with your other hand so it does not tip over as it drops onto the support books or lumber.
  4. Grab the lower edge of the installed splash guard and peel it up and off the unit.
  5. Slip in the replacement splash guard by pushing it down until it is properly seated.
  6. Slowly push up the unit until the locking ring is at a level where it just touches the sink flange.
  7. Rotate the ring into place until it is locked.
  8. Reinstall the drain line and proceed with a leak test before normally using the unit.

How to Replace Garbage Disposal

Replace Garbage Disposal:

  1. With a pair of pliers, disconnect the drain arm from the unit before loosening the spring clamp of the dishwasher drain tube.
  2. Twist off the old unit from the mounting nut and empty any water in the unit.
  3. Remove the cover plate at the bottom of the unit to reach the electrical connections and take out the cable.
  4. All existing drain and mounting assembly must be removed together with the mounting ring, flange, and old putty.
  5. Begin installing the replacement garbage disposal by placing the rubber seal at the drain flange before pushing it into place.
  6. Another seal must be placed at the sink underside before attaching the metal backup ring.
  7. Attach loosely the mounting ring by pushing it up and securing it into place by tightening the mounting screws.
  8. Remove the knockout plug with a hammer and screwdriver to be able to connect the unit to the dishwasher drain.
  9. Open the electrical plate and extend the wires away from the unit.
  10. The strain relief sleeve should be screwed in to be able to push the cable through it.
  11. Connect the color coded wires and close the cover plate.
  12. Twist the garbage disposal into the mounting nut, making sure it is correctly aligned before running the water to check for leaks.
  13. Power back the unit and test.

How to Fix Humming Garbage Disposal

Repair Humming Garbage Disposal:

  1. The quick fix is to put a hex wrench into the hole underneath the unit and move it back and forth in order to free the flywheel and get rid of the humming.
  2. If an object stuck in the unit is the cause of the humming.
    1. Disconnect all power to the unit.
    2. Inspect through the drain for any objects impeding the blades.
    3. Remove the object to free up the blades.
  3. If clogging is the reason for the humming, you will need to do the quick fix to free up the flywheel.
  4. When the humming is related to a tripped GFI or overheating, press the reset button usually found at the bottom of the unit.
  5. The humming sound may also be a sign that the unit has reached the end of its life cycle, so you need to buy a new garbage disposal.

How to Fix Clogged Garbage Disposal

Fixing Clogged Garbage Disposal:

  1. Make sure that the power to the garbage disposal unit is turned off and disconnected.
  2. Use a hex wrench and plug it into the hole at the bottom of the unit.
  3. Using slow and deliberate motion, move the wrench back and forth in order to dislodge any clogging.
  4. After removing the clogging, proceed to clean the unit to prevent further problems.
  5. Start by pouring some baking soda through the drain.
  6. Follow it up with half a cup of white vinegar and allow the mixture to interact for a couple of minutes.
  7. Carefully pour boiling water down the drain and allow it to sit for about 5 to 10 minutes.
  8. Turn the power back on and flush the unit with running water. Do this cleaning routing periodically to prevent clogging.

How to Unjam Garbage Disposal

Steps to Unjam Garbage Disposal:

  1. Place the switch in the off position and unplug the unit.
  2. Inspect from the drain opening (with the help of a flashlight) to check what type of object is causing the blades to jam.
  3. Get a pair of tongs and try to pick up the object from the drain opening. Otherwise, go to the next step.
  4. Insert a hex wrench in the hole underneath the unit to move the impeller back and forth to loosen the object that is jammed so you can extract it.
  5. After the impeller is spinning freely, power up the unit and press the reset button.
  6. Test if the unit is functioning properly. If the garbage disposal is not running as expected, it is time to get a replacement unit.

How to Fix Garbage Disposal Leak

Repair Leaky Garbage Disposal:

  1. Make sure all power going into the garbage disposal is complete turned off and disconnected.
  2. Inspect for visible signs of moisture near and around the unit.
  3. Clear a work space underneath the sink so you can place a bucket to catch the water retained in the system.
  4. Plug the sink drain using a tight seal.
  5. Fill the sink with some water and if possible add food coloring to make it easier to identify the source of the leak.
  6. If the area underneath the sink remains dry, remove the sink stopper to allow the water to flow into the system.
  7. Observe for leaks at the drain, the bottom of the unit, the dishwasher hose, or the water supply lines.
  8. If the leak is detected underneath the sink before unplugging the sink drain, the sink flange is the problem. You need to fix the seal between the sink and the unit.
    • Remove the garbage disposal.
    • Apply a generous amount of putty to the flange.
    • Reinstall the unit and tighten the flange accordingly.
  9. When the leak is at the side of the disposal unit, the problem may be the rubber gaskets.
    • Loosen the metal clamps on the hoses.
    • Replace the gaskets.
    • Reattach the hoses and use new clamps.
  10. If the leak is found at the bottom of the garbage disposal unit, an internal seal is the problem. When internal seals give out, it is normally better to get a new unit than get expensive replacement seals.

How to Fix Garbage Disposal

For the Flywheel:

  1. Locate the hex hole at the bottom of the unit.
  2. Insert a hex wrench into the hole and rotate it in both directions until you can feel the flywheel turning freely and lightly.

For Hoses and Seals:

  1. Pinpoint the source of the problem by running your hand across the unit.
  2. If the problem is underneath, remove the unit from the drain system.
  3. Disassemble the unit and replace the flywheel seal to prevent water from going into the motor. If you are not comfortable doing this, bring the unit in for servicing.

For Worm Impellers:

  1. Cut all power to the garbage disposal unit.
  2. Unscrew the unit from the ring if necessary to remove all hose fittings connected.
  3. Use a screwdriver to lock the flywheel in place to loosen the lock nut.
  4. Remove the flywheel to get to the worm impellers. If sharpening is not possible, the entire flywheel assembly must be replaced.

How to Install Garbage Disposal

Follow these steps:

  1. Cut all power to the unit and place a bucket underneath the P-trap before disconnecting the drainpipes and sink strainer.
  2. Clean off old putty before applying a new one around the flange and pressing it in place. A towel must be placed in the sink while the unit is set on the flange to prevent movement.
  3. The fiber gasket, mounting ring, and backup flange must be stacked up and slid into the underside of the flange before installing the snap ring. Make sure that the screws are firmly tightened.
  4. Remove the drain plug from the inlet with a hammer before connecting the dishwasher drain.
  5. Before connecting the electrical cord, remove the cover plate. Match the wire colors correctly and push them back into the unit before reattaching the cover plate.
  6. The gasket must be placed in the discharge outlet before attaching the discharge tube together with the flange and bolts to connect the drain properly.
  7. Align the tabs with the mounting ring and lock it over the ridges before connecting the dishwasher drain. The discharge pipe must be lined up properly.
  8. Place the stopper in the sink drain and fill the sink with water to check for leaks.
  9. Power up the garbage disposal unit to test.

 

Gas Line

How To Remove Gas Pipe

How to Remove Gas Pipe:

  1. Prepare the work area by clearing and grading it.
  2. Identify the location of all underground utility lines and institute erosion control practices.
  3. Work is usually started early to cut down on time and cost with noise mitigating measures put in place because of the heavy equipment used for better efficiency and safety.
  4. Traffic disruptions are minimized by coordinating with local authorities prior to any construction activities. This allows for proper planning and routing of all activities.
  5. Directional boring is used in the installation of the pipes with minimal surface disruption observed. Machine is used to drill underground and pull in the new pipe.
  6. Work on the service lines can begin once the pipeline is in place. Natural gas service will be shut off for safety. Existing gas meters inside residences will be relocated and the pilot lights to any gas appliances relighted after the service has been restored.
  7. Additional holes will be dug after the new main, services, and meters are in place. This is for the cutting of the old service lines.
  8. All excavated areas will be restored to the same or better condition prior to the start of the project.

How to Repair Gas Pipe Leaks

Repair Gas Pipe Leaks:

  1. Before starting repair, make sure that you turn off the gas supply from the main valve going into your property.
  2. Put on your gas mask and gloves to protect you from harmful fumes.
  3. Remove the plastic cover to expose the gas pipes.
  4. Detach the low pressure gas line from the regulator.
  5. Relieve the pressure by removing the gas residues by cracking the line fittings on the high pressure line.
  6. Clean the high pressure line of impurities with the use of acetone.
  7. Get a sand paper and scuff the surface in preparation for repair. Do this with the gas pipe as well and make sure that it is cleaned with acetone again.
  8. Loosely attach the gas line and apply rubber tape for reinforcement. Use the proper angle so that the high pressure and low pressure lines do not interfere with each other.
  9. Apply epoxy on the gas line and let it stay overnight so that it cures and holds firmly.
  10. Tighten the fittings on the high pressure line and reinstall the low pressure gas line.
  11. Turn on the gas supply and test for leaks.

How to Connect Gas Pipes

Connecting Gas Pipes:

    1. When connecting to a steel pipe:
      1. Buy a gas appliance connecting kit and put in a flexible stainless steel tube in place of the steel pipe.
      2. Turn off the gas supply to your property from the main gas valve.
      3. Install a flare fitting to be able to connect the flexible gas line directly to the threaded steel pipe.
      4. Put in modern gas ball valves for better safety.
      5. Coat all threaded pipe connections before doing the assembly.
      6. Use a 90-degree elbow at the connection part of the stove to prevent kinking the gas tubing.
      7. Turn on the gas supply and test the connection and your appliance.

     

    1. When connecting to soft copper pipe:
      1. Turn off the main gas valve of your property.
      2. Buy special flaring tool and flare fitting to allow connection to the flexible soft copper piping. Make sure the flare fittings match to the outside diameter of the pipes you are connecting to.
      3. Inspect the copper line for any kinks. These should be replaced either by a coiled soft copper pipe or using a flexible stainless connector. Make sure the sizes match.
      4. Apply pipe thread compound on all threaded connections before assembling.
      5. Connect the flare-to-pipe-thread fitting to the stove end.
      6. Turn on the gas supply to test the connection and your appliance.

How to Install Gas Pipes

Installing Gas Pipes:

  1. Make sure that you have the right-sized pipes and fittings ready.
  2. Turn off the supply of gas to your home from the meter side. Make sure that the valve is completely closed and the meter is no longer running.
  3. Fit the pipes and valves to the length that you need to be able to reach the gas-fed appliance that you have.
  4. Coat with pipe dope the threads at the end of the pipes to establish and airtight fit.
  5. Utilize a flexible pipe for connecting the end of the new gas line to the appliance.
  6. Create a mixture of equal parts of water and dish liquid to test if the line is airtight. Spread it over the seam of the gas line to see if bubbles will form. If there are no bubble, then you have an airtight connection, otherwise, tighten the link further or add more pipe dope.
  7. Turn the gas supply back on and test if the newly connected appliance is working properly.